(adapted from Sarawak Transportation Towards Zero Carbon Goal)
In line with the Post COVID-19 Development Strategy (PCDS) 2030, the utilisation of hydrogen energy is among the new methods to improve Sarawak’s economy.
Transportation is among the biggest contributor of carbon dioxide (CO2) emission as it accounts for 24 per cent of CO2 emission from energy.
Hence, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, Sarawak has introduced the use of three hydrogen buses on 1st August 2019 in Kuching. This marks the use of hydrogen in public buses the first in Malaysia and Southeast Asia.
As opposed to traditional fossil fuel buses that emits harmful pollutants and greenhouse gases, hydrogen buses only emit water vapour.
Aside from that, it was also announced that the State government plans to develop six multi-fuel stations in Sarawak that cater to vehicles powered by standard fossil fuels, electricity and hydrogen in the next several years to come.
The introduction of the multi fuel station is a step towards promoting the use of electric vehicles for environmental sustainability.
By 2050, Sarawak will have its own Autonomous rail transit (ART), a proposed two-line hybrid metro forming part of the Kuching Urban Transportation System (KUTS).
The ART vehicle is the hybrid vehicle between a train, a bus and a tram, powered by hydrogen fuel cells, that uses rubber tyres and run-on virtual tracks on dedicated lanes.
With a total length of 69.9 kilometres, the thre ART lines are Blue Line – from Rembus to Hikmah Exchange (27.6 kilometres), Red Line – from Kuching Sentral to Pending (12.3 kilometres) and Green Line – from Pending to Damai Central (30 kilometres).
Hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric vehicles
In 2022, Deputy Minister of Energy and Environmental Sustainability Dr Hazland Abang Hipni said that Sarawak is set to host an automotive assembly plant to produce hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs).
The proposed plant will help bring down the cost of hydrogen-powered FCEVs in line with the Sarawak government’s policy for the automotive industry to switch to clean and renewable energy (RE) sources and reduce dependence on fossil fuels.